Small appliance circuits feeding countertop receptacle outlets are required to be ground fault circuit interrupter gfci protected.
Kitchen cabinet receptacle height. Base cabinet height. And b no point on the kitchen counter measured at the wall may be more that 24 inches away from a receptacle. The code permits receptacles inside cabinets but they can be no more than 12 inches below the countertop.
So widely accepted is this standard is that base cabinet manufacturers build all their cabinets to a height of 34 1 2 inches assuming an adequate toe kick and countertop thickness will be 1 1 2 inches. While following the ada americans with disabilities act specifications when installing kitchen outlets is not a must have requirement it is still good to follow them in case you ever end up needing them for a disabled person in your family. If you place the outlet 18 inches high you will need to decrease the width between outlets.
Countertops separated by range cook top refrigerator or sinks are considered separate countertop spaces. Receptacle outlets must be installed every four linear feet more is acceptable but less will get you in hot water. Find out what impacts this number before installing some in your kitchen.
1 at least two 20 ampere branch circuits shall supply kitchen countertop receptacles. For countertops the established standard is for the top of the countertop to fall about 36 inches above the floor. Any appliance with a 2 foot cord must be able to reach an outlet at any point on the counter.
A a receptacle shall be installed for any counter that is 12 inches wide or greater. 1 2 1 4 m. The electric code requires that you install outlets on countertops every 4 feet and the height cannot exceed 18 inches.
Since the nec national electrical code has no provision for the installation height of receptacles above the kitchen floor or any floor many builders tend to follow the ada american disability act ensuring therefore that their installation will be accessible to handicapped people. From the kitchen floor the correct height of electric outlets should be about 43 inches. Building codes and accepted design practices like to stress accessibility and the wrong height is the one aspect that can make a base cabinet inaccessible.
If the reach is over a physical barrier or an obstruction for example a kitchen base cabinet receptacles shall be located within the reach ranges specified in section 1138a 3. Physical barriers and obstructions shall not extend more than 25 inches 635 mm from the wall beneath the receptacle. Kitchen countertop standards.
The ideal upper cabinet height is 54 inches from the ground but not everywhere.